Plant Biology Master

Master 2 - PMIP


This M2 “PMIP” “Plant – Microbe Interaction for Plant Health resources and Plant sciences” is for students who want to get a high-level international training knowledge in the fields at the interface between microbiology and plant biology, on either fundamental or applied aspects. The program, which is common to both Microbiology and Plant Biology Master’s Degrees, accommodates students from either M1 Plant Biology, or M1 Microbiology. It will thus offer them, with its relevant teaching, to follow the M2 program. After obtaining this M2 PMIP, students will either enter into working life or complete a doctoral thesis.
The program offered during this second year of Master’s Degree is purposely a multidisciplinary program, combining a thorough knowledge of plants and microbes, their physiological and developmental particularities, their potentials of use and valorisation with the interface Plants – Microbes (biotechnologies, phytochemistry, crop improvements, …). Students will also gain a solid knowledge of tools and techniques to understand concepts that are developed, in the aim of getting them well prepared for their end-of-course internship.
Students who have validated year 1 (M1) in Plant Biology or Microbiology with 60 ECTS (if the scientific prerequisites are reached) can qualify for year 2 (M2). A direct registration to year 2 is also possible, subject to availability, for students who have obtained 240 ECTS in another French or foreign University. In all situations, the applicants will be selected upon review of their academic records and a possible interview with a panel.


The M2 PMIP programs includes Teaching Units which are common to both M2 Plant Biology and the M2 MMPEM from the Microbiology Master’s Degree . Most of the courses are given in English.

UE "Metabolic fluxes” (METAFLUX - 3 ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

Lectures and applied courses are dealing on the integration of primary and specialized metabolism in plants in a temporal dimension (fluxomic). This will require addressing the different indirect methodologies to measure real speed metabolic reactions in the integral biological system (intracellular flow, intratissular). For this purpose, the following points will be addressed
- Isotopic labelling strategies (13C, 18O, etc…)
- Detailed Isotopomeres analysis and isotope incorporation into metabolites by NMR and mass spectrometry
- Metabolic flux maps and metabolic networks

UE "Phytobiome and Plant Health” (PHYPHEA - 3 ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

This course deals with the notions of microbiome and holobiont in the specific context of plants (phytobiome) and addresses the influence of the environment on the health of plants and their associated microbiota. The following points will be addressed
- How the plant organism is able to influence its microbiota, both in terms of composition and functioning.
- What is the impact of the microbiota on the functioning of the plant
- Influence of this cooperative behavior on the ability to respond to environmental stresses

UE "Plant Microorganism interactions” (PMI - 3 ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

A series of lectures are given by researchers exposing to the students the latest developments in their field of research work. These conferences cover the interactions between microorganisms (bacteria, fungi or oomycetes and their host plants. The molecular mechanisms of positive interactions (symbiosis, mutualism) or harmful interactions (pathogenicity) are detailed.

UE "Applied Integrative Biology” (AIB - 3 ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

Training courses dedicated to the integrative analysis of multi-omics datasets obtained by different scientific experts working in the area of plant-microbe interactions.

UE "Scientific Watch for Plant Health” (SWPH - 3ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

The objective of this course is to provide students with the basis for reflection on which the strategic approaches implemented in research, whether fundamental or applied, public or industrial, are based. This course will be composed of an important part of scientific seminars conducted by researchers from both the public and private sectors. In addition, the students will have to produce a scientific survey on the basis of an innovative or prospective topic and they will have to establish a correlation with the scientific seminars they have attended.

UE "Scientific Communication” (SCO - 6ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

The course includes lectures and practical sessions on the different dimensions of oral, displayed and written scientific communication. The aim of this course is to enable students to understand the different stages of the process of designing, preparing and producing a relevant and impactful scientific communication according to the different media. This course prepares students for the bibliographic and experimental reports required in the framework of the Master 2 programme, as well as for the oral defense of experimental work at the end of the Master 2 program.

UE "Plant Pests Interactions” (PPI - 3 ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

A series of lectures are given by researchers exposing to the students the latest developments in their field of research work. These conferences cover the interactions between plants and different pests (insects, nematodes, viruses and parasitic plants).

UE “Techniques for Integrative Biology” (TIB - 6 ECTS - UE en Anglais) :

Integrative biology is an interesting and innovative approach to understand the functioning of plant organisms considered as systems and apprehended in their entirety by integrating the different biological compartments. "Omic" approaches offer the possibility to explore without preconceived ideas the biological processes existing at the different scales of plant organisms. Nevertheless, in addition to the intellectual challenge of understanding the complexity of living organisms in their wholeness, there is a major technical challenge for data acquisition, exploitation and integration. This course will present the different "omics" techniques implemented for plant organisms (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, fluxomics, interactomics, phenomenomics...) allowing data acquisition and integration.

English :

The objective is to reach at least the CECRL B2 Level.

UE "Project in Industry or Academic Lab” (PIA - 27 ECTS) :

The academic or industrial project takes the form of a 5-month internship under the responsibility of an internship supervisor whose designation is validated by the master's pedagogical committee. The student is integrated into a team in which he/she develops the problematic that has been entrusted to him/her. This project can have two different objectives. A fundamental research objective aimed at preparing the student to pursue a doctoral degree and a more applied research objective aimed at leading to the professionalization of the student at the end of his/her degree. The project is evaluated on the basis of a scientific report and an oral presentation. An important part of the evaluation is based on the relevance of the answers provided to the jury's questions: mastering of the concepts and methods used, justification of the scientific approach, ability to analyze the experimental results, perspectives envisaged, ....

M2 admission requirements for the year 2024 – 2025:

Calendar :

Opening application date on the eCandidat platform : April 2024

Closing application date on the eCandidat platform : May 2024

Application reviews: June , 2024

Response notification to the applicants: June , 2024
The results will be available online, on the eCandidat platform:

Deadline to accept or reject your admission to the program: early july for the students admitted on the final list.
Acceptation or rejection are to be made online ONLY, on the eCandidat platform: